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Colour Details

Colours or Colors:

Please read this very carefully, colours effect plays important role in manufacturing any handmade rugs, whether its hand-tufted, hand-knotted or handwoven.

Achromatic Colors for Area Rugs :

The "hueless" colors black, gray, and white, that is, the whole range of gray levels between black and white. This means that if you need any grey colour rug, that colour is between the colour of black and white.


Figure: Achromatic "colors".

Additive Color for any type of handmade carpets

Synonym for the RGB (red, green, blue) color space that uses the projected red, green and blue light as primary colors to produce the full spectrum of colors. This mean that RGB is the common colours which are mixed together in different proportion to make the desired rug colour


Figure: The primaries of additive color mixing are red, green, and blue

Monochrome Afterimages

Magic of black and white colours used as round circles in making the rugs. Here you can If a black object on a white background (or vice versa) is being focused on for several seconds, and then a white area is being focused on, a negative afterimage is perceived. The afterimage may last for one to two minutes.


Figure: Monochrome afterimage - glare at the dots for several seconds and you will begin to see a negative afterimage, i.e. white dots

Color Afterimages

If a colored area in any rug is being focusd on for a longer time (at least for about half a minute), and then a white area is being focues on, an afterimage of the complementary color is perceived. The afterimage may last for one to two minutes.


Figure: Color afterimage - gaze at the center of the image for about 30 seconds and then look away to a neutral area - an afterimage of the Union Jack will be seen.

Brightness Assimilation

Here you can see the white and black colour stripes impact on grey colour rug. If you notice the gray under the white stripes appears lighter than the same gray under the black stripes due to brightness assimilation










Chromostereoopsis

When you make rug using Red and blue colors these are perceived at different depths and may be disturbing visually So avoid displaying both vivid red and blue together.

CMYK



Figure: The primaries of the CMYK color space are cyan, magenta, yellow, and black

Regarding Color Assimilation for area rugs :

Color assimilation is the opposite of Color Contrast: Colors take on the hue of the surrounding color, whereas color contrasts moves it into the direction of the Complementary Color.

Example: If we weave or use white colour in squares or stripes in making rug with the red background in the figure below look reddish, and those on the blue background look bluish. This mean that the white squares tend to take on their background's colors.



Figure: The white central square shifts its hue into the direction of the surrounding color.

Color Mixture, to be taken care when we choose yarn for dyeing to manufacture any specific design rug.
Additive Color Mixture


Additive color mixing describes how different wavelengths of light mix to make colors in the mind. This color mixing is explained through the combinations of the "primary" colors red, green, and blue (RGB). Color mixtures are usually demonstrated by shining overlapping beams of light through different color filters onto a white (colorless) surface (as in the diagram below), or by patches of pure colored paper or paint on a rapidly spinning disk (a "color top" or "Maxwell disk," so named because James Clerk Maxwell used it to study color mixing in around 1855, although it was first used for that purpose by Ignaz Shiffermüller in the 1760's).


Figure: Additive color mixing using light sources (from www.linocolor.com)

Any color can be produced by adding the colors of the three color channels RGB (Red, Green, and Blue). If the colors of two of the color channels are mixed in equal proportions, new base colors are created. Blue and green add up to a bright, light blue called cyan. Magenta, a bright pink, is made by mixing red and blue. Red and green together make yellow. If red, green, and blue light are mixed equally together at full power, you get white light. (Adapted from www.linocolor.com)












Figure: Mixing two colors additively leads to a lighter color; if red, green, and blue light are mixed equally together at full power, you get white light (from www.mica.edu)

Cultural Variations in the Meaning of Colors, not directly related to making of rugs, but understanding the relevance of different consumers in different way…

Overview

Culture Red Blue Green Yellow White
USA, Europe Danger Manliness, sweet, calm, Authority Safety, safe, sour Caution, Cowardice Purity
France Nobility Freedom, Peace Criminality preliminary Neutrality
Egypt, Arab Nations Death Virtue, Faith, Truth Fertility, Strength Happiness, Welfare or Wealth Joy
India Life, Creativity   Welfare or Wealth, Fertility Success Death, Purity
Japan Anger, Danger Shame, Despicableness Future, Youth, Energy Grace, Dignity, Nobility, childish, joyful Death
China Happiness, Joy, Festivity Sky, Clouds Ming dynasty, royal, Honor Birth, Wealth, Strength or Power  

Color Associations

These associations are valid for western cultures only (see table above for differences). (from Jackson et al.)

The Achromatics

White
Positive: Snow, Purity, Innocence, Peace, Lightness, Cleanliness
Negative: Cold, Clinical, Vulnerability, Deathly pallor, Surrender, Sterility

Black
Positive: Night, Coal, Power, Stability, Formality, Solidity
Negative: Fear, Void, Death, Secrecy, Anonymity, Evil

Gray
Positive: Intelligence, Maturity, Wealth, Dignity, Dedication, Restraint
Negative: Confusion, Decay, Concrete, Shadow, Depression, Boredom

The Chromatic Primaries

Red
Positive: Victory, Passion, Love, Strength, Energy, Sexuality
Negative: Blood, War, Fire, Danger, Anger, Satan

Yellow
Positive: Sun, Summer, Serenity, Gold, Harvest, Innovation
Negative: Cowardice, Treason, Jealousy, Hazard, Illness, Folly

Green
Positive: Vegetation, Nature, Spring, Fertility, Hope, Safety
Negative: Decay, Inexperience, Envy, Greed, Escapism, Bad luck

Blue
Positive: Sky, Sea, Spirituality, Stability, Peace, Unity
Negative: Cold, Depression, Melancholy, Obscenity, Mystery, Conservatism WHAT COLOUR MEAN WHAT ?
This is one of the important thing we have to face while manufacturing handmade carpets and rugs. When we receive any colour name from the client, what that colour mean? Its not only red, blue or green, but many colours which have been allocated names, these are as under :-

Alice blue
240,248,255
F0F8FF
Dark slategray 47,79,79
2F4F4F
Light salmon
255,160,122
FFA07A
Pale violet red
219,112,147
DB7093
Antique white
250,235,215
FAEBD7
Dark turquoise
0,206,209
00CED1
Light seagreen
32,178,170
20B2AA
Papaya whip
255,239,213
FFEFD5
Aqua
0,255,255
00FFFF
Darkviolet
148,0,211
9400D3
Lightskyblue
135,206,250
87CEFA
Peachpuff
255,239,213
FFDAB9
Aquamarine
127,255,212
7FFFD4
Deeppink
255,20,147
FF1493
Light slategray
119,136,153
778899
Peru
205,133,63
CD853F
Azure
240,255,255
F0FFFF
Deep skyblue
0,191,255
00BFFF
Light steelblue
176,196,222
B0C4DE
Pink
255,192,203
FFC0CB
Beige
245,245,220
F5F5DC
Dimgray
105,105,105
696969
Lightyellow
255,255,224
FFFFE0
Plum
221,160,221
DDA0DD
Bisque
255,228,196
FFE4C4
Dodgerblue
30,144,255
1E90FF
Lime
0,255,0
00FF00
Powder blue
176,224,230
B0E0E6
Black
0,0,0
000000
Firebrick
178,34,34
B22222
Limegreen
50,205,50
32CD32
Purple
128,0,128
800080
Blanched almond
255,255,205
FFEBCD
Floralwhite
255,250,240
FFFAF0
Linen
250,240,230
FAF0E6
Red
255,0,0
FF0000
Blue
0,0,255
0000FF
Forest green
34,139,34
228B22
Magenta
255,0,255
FF00FF
Rosybrown
188,143,143
BC8F8F
Blueviolet
138,43,226
8A2BE2
Fuchsia
255,0,255
FF00FF
Maroon
128,0,0
800000
Royalblue
65,105,225
4169E1
Brown
165,42,42
A52A2A
Gainsboro
220,220,220
DCDCDC
Mediumaquamarine 102,205,170
66CDAA
Saddlebrown 139,69,19
8B4513
Burlywood
222,184,135
DEB887
Ghostwhite
248,248,255
F8F8FF
Mediumblue
0,0,205
0000CD
Salmon
250,128,114
FA8072
Cadetblue
95,158,160
5F9EA0
Gold
255,215,0
FFD700
Mediumorchid
186,85,211
BA55D3
Sandybrown
244,164,96
F4A460
Chartreuse
127,255,0
7FFF00
Goldenrod
218,165,32
DAA520
Mediumpurple
147,112,219
9370DB
Seagreen
46,139,87
2E8B57
Chocolate
210,105,30
D2691E
Gray
128,128,128
808080
Medium Seagreen
60,179,113
3CB371
Seashell
255,245,238
FFF5EE
Coral
255,127,80
FF7F50
Green
0,128,0
008000
Mediumslateblue
123,104,238
7B68EE
Sienna
160,82,45
A0522D
Cornflower blue 100,149,237
6495ED
Greenyellow
173,255,47
ADFF2F
Medium springgreen
0,250,154
00FA9A
Silver
192,192,192
C0C0C0
Cornsilk
255,248,220
FFF8DC
Honeydew
240,255,240
F0FFF0
Mediumturquoise
72,209,204
48D1CC
Skyblue
135,206,235
87CEEB
Crimson
220,20,60
DC143C
Hotpink
255,105,180
FF69B4
Medium violetred
199,21,133
C71585
Slateblue
106,90,205
6A5ACD
Cyan
0,255,255
00FFFF
Indianred
205,92,92
CD5C5C
Midnightblue
25,25,112
191970
Slategray
112,128,144
708090
Darkblue
0,0,139
00008B
Indigo
75,0,130
4B0082
Mintcream
245,255,250
F5FFFA
Snow
255,250,250
FFFAFA
Darkcyan
0,139,139
008B8B
Ivory
255,240,240
FFFFF0
Mistyrose
255,228,225
FFE4E1
Springgreen
0,255,127
00FF7F
Darkgoldenrod
184,134,11
B8860B
Khaki
240,230,140
F0E68C
Moccasin
255,228,181
FFE4B5
Steelblue
70,130,180
4682B4
Darkgray
169,169,169
A9A9A9
Lavender
230,230,250
E6E6FA
Navajowhite
255,222,173
FFDEAD
Tan
210,180,140
D2B48C
Darkgreen
0,100,0
006400
Lavenderblush
255,240,245
FFF0F5
Navy
0,0,128
000080
Teal
0,128,128
008080
Darkkhaki
189,183,107
BDB76B
Lawngreen
124,252,0
7CFC00
Oldlace
253,245,230
FDF5E6
Thistle
216,191,216
D8BFD8
Darkmagenta
139,0,139
8B008B
Lemonchiffon
255,250,205
FFFACD
Olive
128,128,0
808000
Tomato
253,99,71
FD6347
Darkolivegreen
85,107,47
556B2F
Lightblue
173,216,230
ADD8E6
Olivedrab
107,142,35
6B8E23
Turquoise
64,224,208
40E0D0
Darkorange
255,140,0
FF8C00
Lightcoral
240,128,128
F08080
Orange
255,165,0
FFA500
Violet
238,130,238
EE82EE
Darkorchid
153,50,204
9932CC
Lightcyan
224,255,255
E0FFFF
Orangered
255,69,0
FF4500
Wheat
245,222,179
F5DEB3
Darkred
139,0,0
8B0000
Lightgoldenrodyellow
250,250,210
FAFAD2
Orchid
218,112,214
DA70D6
White
255,255,255
FFFFFF
Darksalmon
233,150,122
E9967A
Lightgreen
144,238,144
90EE90
Palegoldenrod
238,232,170
EEE8AA
Whitesmoke
245,245,245
F5F5F5
Darkseagreen
143,188,143
8FBC8F
Lightgrey
211,211,211
D3D3D3
Palegreen
152,251,152
98FB98
Yellow
255,255,0
FFFF00
Darkslateblue
72,61,139
483D8B
Lightpink
255,182,193
FFB6C1
Paleturquoise
175,238,238
AFEEEE
Yellowgreen
154,205,50
9ACD32

If you have any query, relating to colour issue in making the area rug or carpet, you may always contact us.
 
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